Jim Larkin was a labor organizer and an activist of Irish native. Born in 1876, Jim Larkin grew up in the slums of Liverpool. As a result of this, he did not get the chance to gain formal education and instead, he carried out different jobs as a means to support his family. At some point, he became a foreman at the Liverpool docks.
Jim Larkin joined the National Union of Dock Labourers[NUDL] and became a full-time member of the union in 1905 after he realized the bosses were not addressing the workers’ problems.
The violent methods of strikes at the National Union of Dock Labourers resulted in Larkin’s transfer to Dublin in the year 1907. While at Dublin, the idea of forming the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union [ITGWU] came in. The union would later grow to become the best in the region.
The Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union
The union was formed by Jim Larkin upon his transfer back to Ireland from England. The unions’ objective was to bring together both the skilled and unskilled Irish workers to form an organization.
Larkin also went ahead and created the Irish Labour party that held several strikes, among them, the Dublin Lockout in 1913 that saw over 100,000 workers strike for eight months. They eventually won in their quest for fair employment, despite the Dublin lockout leading to the collapse of the ITGWU.
In the world war 1, Jim Larkin organized demonstrations against war and went to the united states of America to seek funds that he intended to use to fight the British. In 1920, he was charged with criminal anarchy, jailed and set free after three years.
He was the deported back to Ireland after his release. Again, while in Ireland, he formed the Workers’ Union of Ireland that led to communist international recognizing his works in 1924.
Jim Larkin married Elizabeth Brown in 1903, and they had four sons. He was a Marxist and conducted labor organizations up to the 1940s. Larkin died on January 30th,1947, in Dublin, Ireland.